Distribution of Halloween - a hard real live case - study
The major studios were invited to distribute the film but no representative attended the premier screening. Beyond the first difficulty, the producer of Halloween Yablans took prints of Halloween to individual cinemas, pitching the film directly. At the same time John Carpenter, the director of Halloween screened the film to University of Southern California, the result was even more frustrating about a third to the audience walked out, and asked John Carpenter why he had made a such “sleazy and disreputable film”.
The success of Halloween film started at Chicago Film Festival where critics were kinder and the film’s success started slowly and finally the box office revenues took over $ 75 million on its original theatrical release. Actually, Halloween is one of the most profitable films ever released.
The critics of Halloween
Initially, reviews about Halloween were dismissive. The Village Voice was the first to offer a positive notice. Also, the day by day growing realization of the film was fast becoming a major hit, forced many critics for a second look at Halloween. I need to mention the Monthly Film Bulletin’s critic was “The film had not agenda except to scare the audience” and “it’s one of the cinema’s most perfectly engineering for saying Booo”
The TV release of Halloween
Additional scenes needed to fill the NBC’s running time, Actually, producers added two seamless scenes to fill the time NBC’s time schedule. The additional scenes are (1) Loomis describes who dangerous Mayer is, (2) Lorrie says to Lynda that someone was watching her.
Halloween produced by little resources, there was no need for a huge budget, no need for big stars and no need for expensive effects. But the most important of all was it’s immediate profitability.
The Business model and the film-making formula of Halloween inspired a large number of filmmakers over earth and a slew of slasher movies followed, like : Friday the 13th (1979, Sean S.Cunnigham), Prom Night (Paul Lynch,1980), Terror Train (Roger Spottiswoode,1980), My Bloody Valentine (1981, George Mihalka), Night School (1981, Ken Hughes), The Burning (1981, Tony Maylam). Then Friday the 13th Part 2 (Steve Miner), Graduation Day (Herb Freed), Hell Night (Tom Desimone), The Slayer (JS Cardone), The Prowler (Joseph Zito).
The initial Halloween and later “Friday the 13th” model, is based on graphic murders filmed with zero style. Formulaic films of the exploitation cinema wave. Scripts of slasher names were repetitive with unimagined characters, story lines and cinematic situations were recycled. Even camera angels, shots and framing were copied from one film to the other. Also, any innovative killing methods was copied quickly and appeared in other relative films.
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